The brain is truly an amazing part of the body of any living thing and the fish brain is not left out. Do you think fishes can see the surrounding water? Read on to find out!
You might be wondering, or might have wondered, the human eye does not see oxygen but can see smoke or fog.
Well, the same process that happens in your brain that prevents you from seeing oxygen also happens in the brain of every fish.
Yeah, the brain has some kind of universal cheat code for every living thing.
Fish are interesting creatures in the ecosystem. That is fascinating because they satisfy two basic human needs.
Food and need for companionship.
Asides from providing a high value of lean protein, being incredibly versatile, and adding a unique flavor to most meals, it also serves as a great pet.
In this article, you’ll also learn some fascinating facts about fish and some weird facts about fish too.
Let’s get into it!
Brief Evolution of Fishes
Since they have been around for more than 450 million years, fish have undergone several evolutionary changes that have allowed them to adapt to practically every form of aquatic habitat imaginable.
Many fishes fit the stereotype of a fish as a sleek, water-dwelling creature with fins and gills, yet many more fishes stray from that stereotype than they do to fit it.
The fins may be elaborately extended, forming intricate shapes, or they may be reduced or even lost, and the positions of the mouth, eyes, nostrils and gill openings vary greatly.
As an example, the body is elongated in many forms and greatly shortened in others; it is flattened in some (primarily in bottom-dwelling fishes) and laterally compressed in many others; it is compressed laterally in many others.
There are many evolutionary branches where air breathers have appeared.
Some fish are among the most vividly colored of all animals, with a wide range of hues, frequently of remarkable intensity, on a single individual.
Others are among the fish that closely resemble their particular habitats in terms of structure and color.
Can Fish See Water?
Fishes eye do not see the water that surrounds them. The brain works in a marvelous way to help filter out what we do not need to spend our time processing.
The brain of a fish works in a very similar way when it comes to seeing its environment.
Fish have unusually wide panoramic vision due to their side-facing eyes.
However, because of the limitations imposed by their spherical lenses, many fish are nearsighted.
A fish’s eye, as a result, typically performs better at detecting motion and contrast than fine detail.
Weird Facts about Fish
Compared to other animals, fish are frequently viewed very differently.
They do not elicit the same feelings of caregiving that cats and dogs frequently do since they lack fur and have unblinking eyes, as well as scales instead of facial features.
However, they are amazing creatures that are incredibly diverse and intricately adapted to their various surroundings.
Fish continue to evolve, much like us, land creatures do (and they’ve been around a lot longer!).
These are some interesting facts about fish
1. Fish of about 450 different species have been observed switching sexes as necessary. When the fish is alone, it may even fertilize its own eggs!
The individual fish may change into a male or female to breed with the partner.
That’s cool, yeah?
2. Have you ever heard someone say, “I smell something fishy..” Well, they’re kind of wrong.
Fish don’t actually smell bad.
The molecules that human nostrils detect as fishy odors are not typically present in fish, according to scientists.
Only when fish spend an excessive amount of time outside the water do those compounds start to be created.
Even then, individuals must first pass away in order for their flesh to begin disintegrating and releasing those chemicals.
3. Most fishes can only swim in one direction.
You will never see fish swimming backward since they can only swim forward.
Fish can only swim in circles because they will turn around if they need or desire to go back the way they came.
Eels, which have the capacity to swim backward, are the only exception to this rule.
4. Catfish have around 27,000 tastes compared to humans’ 9,000. Fish can taste without even opening their mouths because they have tastebuds all over their bodies.
5. Even underwater, fish can get sunburns too! This is uncommon and can only happen if something in their habitat prevents them from sinking into deeper water to reach a shelter.
6. Fish cannot chew and if they did try, they would probably suffocate and die as it interferes with water from passing through their gills.
7. If you think only humans get stressed, you’ll be shocked to find out that Fish get stressed out just like humans! Their sense of taste, touch, and sight is top-notch.
8. They might have self-awareness. When staring in a mirror, cleaner wrasse has been shown to not only react to their reflection but also make attempts to cover up markings on their body, which is very telling evidence of self-awareness.
9. Most modern fish are tetrachromatic. This means they see color more vividly than we humans do.
10. Fish can create art. Diver Yoji Ookata found a six-foot wide symmetrical circular pattern in the sand while exploring around 80 feet below the surface near the southern coast of Japan.
Later, Ookata learned that a male Pufferfish created these patterns by swimming on his side, gently fluttering a fin, and occasionally embellishing the design with shells.
He was using this as an underwater version of a bunch of flowers to entice a girl!
For more fish facts, check out ‘What a Fish Knows’, by Jonathan Balcombe.
Signs of a Healthy Fish
If you have a fish as a pet, you might want to know if your pet is healthy and active by watching it from its tank.
Why should I care about these signals is a question that may be running through your head.
The truth is that by exercising caution, you can safeguard not only each individual fish from injury but also your tank from broad attacks that may obliterate every living thing within.
Here are a few behaviors to look out for:
1. Eating Well
A fish that is in good health eats well. Fish that are in good health are hungry.
They do not reject it or express disinterest in it.
If you have a tank full of fish, keep an eye out for any that aren’t going after the food when feeding time comes.
2. Maintaining a Healthy Glow
The scales should be uniform, smooth, and have a healthy hue with no rough spots.
There shouldn’t be any areas where the body’s scales protrude.
The fish should have bright, attentive eyes that show no symptoms of clouding or discharge, and its fins should be straight and unbroken rather than ragged or clamped to its body.
3. Inhabiting the Usual Spaces in the Aquarium
Fish have favorite areas in the tank, just like people have favorite spots on couches.
It’s crucial to understand the regular routines that your fish follow.
There may be a problem if a piece of décor that you prefer, like a carefully selected, bubbling treasure chest, starts to idle around in the open on the bottom.
Fish Tips to Keep Aquariums Healthy
Regular water testing. Purchase a reliable water test kit for your aquarium before adding any fish.
It should ideally include tests for pH, nitrate, nitrite, and ammonia.
Temperature. Verify that the aquarium’s temperature is appropriate for the inhabitants you have chosen
To maintain the water at the ideal temperature for the fish species you keep, use an aquarium heater and thermometer.
Gradually Introduce Your Fish. Gradually add fish to your newly constructed aquarium. Adding all of the fish to your aquarium at once will overload it and lead to issues.
Feeding. Fish can be fed twice daily for adults and possibly more for young fish.
Feed only as much food at a time as will be consumed in 3 to 5 minutes; otherwise, extra food may decompose in the aquarium’s bottom, leading to issues like high ammonia, phosphate, and nitrate levels as well as potentially ugly algae growth.
It’s pretty hard to think that fish can come in such a wide variety of sizes and forms.
Moreover, it won’t take long to find a head-turner among the more than 28,000 species that are swimming around.
These species and the things they do are as fascinating as it gets, ranging from amusing to scary to downright strange.
Their brains work in a very interesting way.
Though your fish cannot see water, bear in mind that your fish can see you!